24th Annual Conference of International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society
ROVINJ; September 23-25, 2021.

Welcome to the XXIV Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society (IFESS).

Annual Conferences of the IFESS are organized to promote the awareness, knowledge, and understanding of both electrical stimulation technologies and their uses. IFESS bridges research, application, and healthcare to enhance quality of life through advocacy, education, and facilitation of inter-professional collaborations.

The IFESS meetings traditionally include lectures, oral and posture presentations and exhibitors in the following areas: FES for upper and lower extremities, spinal cord stimulation, breathing-coughing and airway management, stimulation of denervated muscles, pain, urology, fitness and cardio-vascular system, implantable systems, technologies, clinical results of using FES, quality of life with FES, neurorehabilitation, hybrid systems (FES and robots), and BCI and FES.

The Conference in Rovinj will
concentrate mostly on HYBRID ASSISSTIVE SYSTEMS (advanced FES and mechanical systems – robots) 

The 24th Annual Conference will run jointly with the XI External Control of Human Extremities Meeting. The contents of the XI ECHE complements the IFESS event, hence, the participants will benefit in the whole three days long event.  

Conference Chairs:

Marinko Rade and Dejan Popović

Wednesday, Sep 22 Time Thursday, September  23 Friday, September 24 Saturday, September 25






10:00-10:35  Powered transfemoral and transtibial prostheses, Dejan Popović


10:45-11:20  Powered transradial and total arm prosthesis – to be announced 


11:30-12:00 Coffee brake


12:00-12:35  Robots for the exercise of upper extremities–  to be announced


12:45-13:20 Robots for the exercise of the gait - Jan Veneman


13:50 - 15:30 LUNCH – FREE TIME 


15:30-16:05 Robotics for training and assessment of balance during locomotion, Zlatko Matjačič


16:15-16:50 Exoskeletons for assisting of the gait, Heike Valery


17:00-17:35 Biking and rowing exercising machines, Anil Aksoz 

17:45-18:30  Self evaluation test


SESSION 1: FES hardware and software

Hybrid systems combining FES and exoskeletons

Brain Computer Interfacing (BCI) and FES

SESSION 5: FES applications 

Chronic Conditions and Intensive Treatment Unit (ITU) Acquired Weakness

Fitness and Cardiovascular System

Paediatric Clinical Applications

Wearable robotics – Exoskeletons and movement trainers combined with FES

The History of Dubrovnik meetings: ECHE I-X

Dejan Popović, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade & Emeritus Professor, Aalborg University, Denmark     

Functional electrical stimulation: the need for education

Roberto Merletti, Former Full Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the Dept. of Electronics, Politecnico di Torino, Italy (retired Nov 2015). Former Director of the Lab. for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System (LISiN), Politecnico di Torino, Italy (retired Nov 2015). 

10:30-11:00 Coffee brake

SESSION 2: FES hardware and software

Augmented Reality, Gaming and FES

Smart Textiles

Implant Technology

SESSION 6: FES applications 

Wound Prevention and Healing

Respiratory Function

Pelvic Organs: Bowel, Bladder and Sexual Function

Analysis and synthesis of standing-up movements

Tadej Bajd 

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana and Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, 


Multichannel functional electrical stimulation for gait rehabilitation

Alojz Kralj, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts 

12:30-14:00 Lunch break

SESISON 3: FES protocols

Epidural and Transcutaneous Spinal Stimulation

Neurophysiological mechanisms of FES and motor learning

Pre-clinical Studies and Basic Science

SESSION 7: Treatment of persons with multiple sclerosis 

FES protocols for MS patients 

Robotics for MS patients 

Pharmaceutical methods to reverse the progress of MS 

Human spinal cord network and “spinal brain”

Milan R. Dimitrijević, Emeritus Professor, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas USA, Foundation for Movement Recovery, Oslo, Norway 


Stimulation of denervated muscles

Winfried Mayr, Professor, Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, University of Vienna, Austria 

15:20-15:40 Coffee break

SESSION 4: FES protocols

Stimulation of Denervated Muscles

Combination Technologies and Therapies

Advanced control for FES systems 

SESSION 8: Stakeholders prospective

Patient Public Involvement/

End user perspective

Quality of Life

Emerging Technologies and Applications

Effectiveness of Technologies in Clinical Practice 

Sponsor time


Public presentation

17:00-18:00 Free time Closing ceremony Closing of the events

Opening/lecture by Vance Bergeron, ENS Lyon 

Recovery of function: a dream or reality

20:00-22:00 Congress dinner 

Scientific committee

Nur Azah Hamzaid, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Christine Azevedo Coste, Montpellier, France
Ines Bersch, Nottwil, Switzerland
Manfred Bijak, Vienna, Austria
Sean Doherty, London, UK
Simona Ferrante. Milano, Italy
Davis, Glen, Sydney (Lidcombe), Australia
Jonathan Jarvis, Liverpool, UK
Thierry Keller, Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
Cesar Marquez-Chin, Toronto, Canada
Winfried Mayr, Vienna, Austria
Kei Masani, Toronto, Canada

Matija Milošević, Osaka, Japan
Miloš Popović, Toronto, Canada
Lana Popović Maneski, Belgrade, Serbia
Dietmar Rafolt, Graz, Austria
Thomas Schauer, Berlin, Germany
Erika G. Spaich, Aalborg, Denmark
Thomas Stieglitz, Freiburg, Germany
Tamsyn Street, Salisbury, UK
Janssen, Thomas, Amsterdam. Netherlands
Philip Troyk, Chicago, IL, USA
Ken Yoshida, Indianapolis, USA



Dore Pfanove 7, Zagreb, Croatia

Phone: +385 1 4616 522



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